Nino Tsilosani: the Scientific-Research Center of Agriculture has a unique load and purpose for the development of Georgian agriculture
The Agrarian Issues Committee, within the framework of the offsite sitting in Tsilkani, Mtskheta Municipality, at one of the facilities of the LEPL Scientific-Research Center of Agriculture, heard the report of the carried-out activities by the same center.
The report was introduced by the director of the Scientific-Research Center, prof. Levan Ujmajuridze, provided information about the scientific research activities carried out by the center in the agrarian sector.
The agricultural bases, labs, and other facilities that belonged to JSC "Agro" and LLC "Agro Kartu" were given to the state in 2014, serving as the foundation for the establishment of the Scientific-Research Center of Agriculture. The center has 27 test bases and conducts test-demonstration activities in both the western and eastern parts of Georgia.
The project of locating, conserving, and safeguarding the genetic resources of Georgian vines was initiated in the village of Jighaura, according to the Center's director, and a national center for the manufacture of vine and fruit tree planting material was developed.
The initial function of the center was to find 525 varieties of Georgian vines.
The large-scale project was supplemented with fruit crops, and seed growing, which later were handed over to the state. On its basis, a scientific-research center of agriculture was established in the state structure, which carries out its activities for the purpose of scientific support for the development of the agrarian sector, preservation of agro-biodiversity of plants and animals, research and introduction of modern technologies.
Within the context of Georgia's 2021–2027 agriculture and rural development policy, the Scientific-Research Center of Agriculture implements four significant programs for the advancement of agricultural science. It has 18 scientific research services and departments:
- Restoration and improvement of local breeds and populations of domestic animals, birds, fish, and commercially useful insects and creation of a genetic bank;
- Preservation of the gene pool of annual and perennial crops, development of innovative technologies for their planting, maintenance, and bio-agro production;
- Research of methods of storage and processing of agricultural products;
- Study of the land fund of Georgia in order to restore and improve soil fertility. In this direction, 103 scientists are working on 78 scientific projects.
Levan Ujmajuridze also introduced the future plans of the scientific research center to the members of the Committee.
"Without exaggeration, it can be said that this is the country's calling card, preserving up to 470 varieties of Georgian, native vines, 140 types of wild vines, 350 different types of fruit trees, and well-known international wine and table varietals with a unique character", - Levan Ujmajuridze stated.
"Actually, this center serves as the framework for the entire agricultural industry. Here, breeds are discovered, preserved, and propagated. Although it was established earlier at Bidzina Ivanishvili's initiative, the center has been operating within the Ministry since 2014. At each step of its development, the center had a distinct mission and goal for the advancement of Georgian agriculture. Here is the primary gene pool for the distinctive grape varieties grown in Georgia, as well as for other crops including annual and perennial fruit trees, different types of vegetables, etc. We heard a thorough report today. It must be acknowledged that the center's staff members are actually doing a fantastic job", - the Chair of the Agrarian Issues Committee, Nino Tsilosani, stated.
As Nino Tsilosani added, the Committee will do everything within its competence to increase the financing of the center in the future.
The opinion of the Chair of the Committee is shared by the members of the Committee, both the majority and the opposition.
Iuri Nozadze, Deputy Minister of Environment Protection and Agriculture, participated in the meeting of the Committee.